What is the ketogenic diet?
The ketogenic diet is a diet that produces reactions in the body similar to those that occur during fasting. This diet was first developed in 1921 due to the ability of this type of diet to reduce or suppress
. As new medications to treat
were developed, the ketogenic diet became less popular as a way to manage
disorders. However, in 2008, a clinical trial showed that a ketogenic diet could help children with treatment-resistant
become seizure-free. A ketogenic diet is often prescribed for people who have failed two mainline antiseizure
, with studies showing seizure-reduction rates as high as 85% after this treatment. It can be effective for patients of any age or seizure type. The reasons why a ketogenic diet works to help reduce seizures are unclear, but it is believed to induce metabolic changes that lower the risk of seizures.
The diet itself is a low-carb, high-fat diet that involves extreme reduction of carbohydrate consumption and replacing it with fat, up to a concentration of 70%-80% of calories from fat. There is no one standard ketogenic diet, and different ratios of nutrients have been used in so-called keto diets. All have in common the reduction of carbohydrates and an increase in fat along with a moderate amount of protein.
The reduction in carbohydrates deprives the body of glucose and causes a metabolic state known as ketosis, due to the accumulation of molecules known as ketones in the bloodstream. Ketones are produced from fat when the body burns stored fat for energy after glucose has been depleted or in situations in which there is inadequate
present for glucose to be used as energy. In addition to seizure disorders, ketogenic diets have been tested in the management of some people with other conditions including
polycystic ovary syndrome
, and Alzheimer’s disease.
Further, the “keto diet” has gained attention as a potential
tool. Its proponents argue that a carefully controlled ketogenic diet can avoid the dangers of ketoacidosis and be an effective way to
This is is a syndicated post. Read the original at www.medicinenet.com